Plasma physics with application to magnetic confinement fusion, especially rf heating and current drive, micro-instabilities, turbulence transport and coherent structure, and spherical tokamak physics.
[1] Zhong, H., Ling, B. L., Wang, S. Z., Wang, B. B., Tan, Y., Gao, Z., Design and implementation of an interferometer with high stability and wide dynamic range for steady-state plasmas, FUSION ENGINEERING AND DESIGN 128, 143-148 (2018).
[2] Zhong, H., Tan, Y., Gao, Z., Note: Development of a multichannel magnetic probe array for magnetohydrodynamic activity studies in Sino-United Spherical Tokamak, REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 89, 0026101 (2018).
[3] Aihui Zhao, Zhe Gao, Isotopic effect of parametric instabilities during lower hybrid waves injection intohydrogen/deuterium plasmas, PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 24, 014504 (2017).
[4] Guozhang Jia, Zhe Gao，The effects of oblique incidences on the XB mode conversion in the electron cyclotron range of frequency, PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 24, 022506 (2017).
[5] Chai, Song，Xu, Yu-Hong，Gao, Zhe，Wang, Wen-Hao，Liu, Yang-Qing，Tan, Yi, Nonlinear Energy Cascading in Turbulence during the Internal Reconnection Event at the sino-united spherical tokamak, sino-united spherical tokamak, CHINESE PHYSICS LETTERS 34, 2025201 (2017).
[6] Song Chai，Yuhong Xu，Zhe Gao，Yi Tan，Wenhao Wang, Experimental measurements of energy transfer and nonlinear interaction in turbulence at the sino-united spherical tokamak, PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 24, 032503 (2017).
[7] Guo, Xingyu, Gao, Zhe，Jia, Guozhang, One-dimensional ordinary-slow extraordinary-Bernstein mode conversion in the electron cyclotron range of frequencies, PLASMA SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 19, 085101 (2017).
[8] Jiang, Y. Z.，Tan, Y.，Gao, Z.，Nakamura, K.，Liu, W. B.，Wang, S. Z.，Zhong, H.，Wang, B. B., Determination of eddy current response with magnetic measurements, REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 88, 093510 (2017).
[9] Wang, H. X.，Zhou, Y.，Li, Y.，Li, Y. G.，Yi, J.，Deng, Z. C.，Gao, Z.，Wu, T. Y.，Yin, Z. J.，Akiyama, T.，A new dispersion interferometer on HL-2A， REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 88, 103502 (2017).
[10] Bai, Xue，Liu, Yueqiang，Gao, Zhe，Effect of anisotropic thermal transport on the resistive plasma response to resonant magnetic perturbation field，PHYSICS OF PLASMAS 24, 102505 (2017).
[11] Z. Gao, Compact magnetic confinement fusion: spherical torus and compact torus, Matter and Radiation at Extremes 1, 153-162 (2016).
[12] Li, Y., Z. Gao and J. Chen, Second order kinetic theory of parallel momentum transport in collisionless drift wave turbulence, Physics of Plasmas 23, 082512 (2016).
[13] Zhong H., Ling B. L., Tan Y. and Gao Z. Assessment of the beam path deflection for a vertically installed microwave interferometer in SUNIST, Review of Scientific Instruments, 87, 083501 (2016).
[14] Zhong H., Tan Y., Liu Y. Q., Xie H. Q. and Gao Z, A high speed compact microwave interferometer for density fluctuation measurements in Sino-UNIted Spherical Tokamak, Review of Scientific Instruments, 87, 11E109 (2016).
[15] Wenbin Liu, Yi Tan, Wenhao Wang, and Zhe Gao, An ultrafast reciprocating probe, Review of Scientific Instruments. 87, 11D437 (2016)
[16] Yangqing Liu, Yi Tan, Zhe Gao, et al, Observation of toroidal Alfvén eigenmodes during minor disruptions in ohmic plasmas, Phys. Plasmas 23, 120706 (2016).
[17] X. Gao, Y-C.Ghim, Y.W. Sun, Z. Gao, et al，APTWG: The 5th Asia-Paciἀc Transport Working Group Meeting, Nucl. Fusion 56, 037001 (2016).
[18] Yi Tan, Guixiang Yang, Huiqiao Xie, Yangqing Liu, Rui Ke, Yanzheng Jiang, Song Chai,Wenhao Wang, Zhe Gao, An ohmic field power supply based on a modified IGBT H-bridge for Sino-UNIted Spherical Tokamak, Fusion Engineering and Design 98–99, 1163–1168 (2015)
[19] Jiale Chen and Zhe Gao, Tokamak plasma flows induced by local rf force, Plasma Science and Technology 17, 809 (2015)
[20] Yangqing Liu, Yi Tan, Rui Ke, Hao Yang, Wenhao Wang and Zhe Gao, Compact, battery powered, wireless digitizers for in situ data acquisitions in the sino-united spherical tokamak, Review of scientific instruments 86(7):073504 (2015).
[21] Y. L. Li, G. S. Xu, H. Q. Wang, C. Xiao, B. N. Wan, Z. Gao, R. Chen, L. Wang, K. F. Gan, J. H. Yang, X. J. Zhang, S. C. Liu, M. H. Li, S. Ding, N. Yan, W. Zhang, G. H. Hu, Y. L. Liu, L. M. Shao, J. Li, L. Chen, N. Zhao, J. C. Xu, Q. Q. Yang, H. Lan, and Y. Ye Fast electron flux driven by lower hybrid wave in the scrape-off layer, Physics of Plasmas 22, 022510 (2015).
[22] Yang Li and Zhe Gao, Comparison of collision operators for the geodesic acoustic mode, Nuclear Fusion 55, 043001 (2015).
[23] Guo-Zhang Jia and Zhe Gao, One dimensional full wave analysis of slow-to-fast mode conversion in lower hybrid frequencies, Physics of Plasmas 21, 122121 (2014).
[24] Gao Z. Radio-frequency current drive and flow drive in magnetic confinement fusion plasma (in Chinese). Chin Sci Bull. 59: 3120–3129 (2014).
[25] J. Chen and Z. Gao, Local nonlinear rf forces in inhomogeneous magnetized plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 21, 062506 (2014)
[26] Yangqing Liu, Yi Tan, Huiqiao Xie, Wenhao Wang, and Zhe Gao, Time-frequency analysis of non-stationary fusion plasma signals using an improved Hilbert-Huang transform, Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 073502 (2014).
[27] Yangqing Liu, Yi Tan, Ou Pan, Rui Ke, Wenhao Wang, and Zhe Gao, Design and calibration of high-frequency magnetic probes for the SUNIST spherical tokamak, Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 11E802 (2014).
[28] Song Chai, Wenhao Wang, Yi Tan, and Zhe Gao, Movable multi-probes for plasma boundary measurement in sino-united spherical tokamak, Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 11D804 (2014).
[29]Y. Z. Jiang, Y. Tan, Z. Gao, and L. Wang, Effect of asymmetrical eddy currents on magnetic diagnosis signals for equilibrium reconstruction in the Sino-UNIted Spherical Tokamak, Review of Scientific Instruments 85, 11E815 (2014).
[30] H. Q. Xie, Y. Tan, R. Ke, W. H. Wang, Z. Gao, Analysis of the Gas Puffing Performance for Improving the Repeatability of Ohmic Discharges in the SUNIST Spherical Tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology, 16, 732 (2014)
[31] H. Q. Xie, Y. Tan, Y. Q. Liu, W. H. Wang, Z. Gao, A collisional-radiative model for the helium plasma in the Sino-United Spherical Tokamak and its application to the line intensity ratio diagnostic, Acta Phys. Sin. 63,125203 (2014)
[32] Z. Gao, J. Chen and N. J. Fisch, Parallel rf Force Driven by the Inhomogeneity of Power Absorption in Magnetized Plasma, Physical Review Letters 110, 235004 (2013)
[33] A. Zhao and Z. Gao, Convective amplification of a three-wave parametric instability in inhomogeneous plasma, Physics of Plasmas 20,114503 (2013).
[34] G. Z. Jia, Z. Gao and A. Zhao, Effects of electron temperature and electron flow on O-X conversion, Physics of Plasmas 20,102509 (2013).
[35] J. Chen and Z. Gao, Second-order radio frequency kinetic theory revisited: Resolving inconsistency with conventional fluid theory, Physics of Plasmas 20, 082508 (2013).
[36] A. Zhao and Z. Gao, Parameter study of parametric instabilities during lower hybrid wave injection into tokamaks, Nuclear Fusion 53, 083015 (2013)
[37] Z. Gao, Collisional damping of the geodesic acoustic mode, Physics of Plasmas 20, 032501 (2013).
[38] X. J. Shi, Y. M. Hu and Z. Gao, Optimization of Lower Hybrid Current Drive Efficiency for EAST Plasma with Non-Circular Cross Section and Finite Aspect-Ratio, Plasma Science and Technology 14, 215(2012).
[39] G.-Z. Jia and Z. Gao, Effect of electron flow on the ordinary-extraordinary mode conversion, Physics of Plasmas 18, 104511 (2011).
[40] Z. Gao, N. J. Fisch, and H. Qin, Radial electric field generated by resonant trapped electron pinch with radio frequency injection in a tokamak plasma, Physics of Plasmas 18, 082507 (2011).
[41] Y. Tan, Z. Gao, L. Wang, W.H.Wang, L.F Xie, X.Z. Yang and C.H. Feng, Transient process of a spherical tokamak plasma startup by electron cyclotron waves, Nuclear Fusion 51, 063021(2011).
[42] L. Zeng, Z Gao, Y. Tan, W. H. Wang, H. Q. Xie, L. F. Xie, C. H. Feng, J. Liu, L. Wang, X. Z Yang, Y. B. Wu, F. C. Zhong and X. Gao, Investigation of some MHD events in the SUNIST Spherical Tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology 13, 420 (2011).
[43] He Zhixiong，Dong Jiaqi，He Hongda，Long Yongxing，Mou Zongze，Liu Feng，Jiang Haibin，and Gao Zhe, Linear behavior of double tearing mode mediated by parallel electron viscosity, Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Physics 31(1), 8-14 (2011) in Chinese.
[44] Jiang Yanzheng, Zhong Fangchuan, Wu Yanbin,Tan Yi, Zeng Long and Gao Zhe, External n=1 magnetic field system on SUNIST spherical tokamak, Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Physics 31(1), 75-80 (2011) in Chinese.
[45] Z. X. He, J. Q. Dong, H. D. He, H. B. Jiang, Z. Gao, and J. H. Zhang, MHD equilibrium configuration reconstructions for the HL-2A tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology 13, 424 (2011).
[46] Z. Gao, Analytical theory of the geodesic acoustic mode in the small and large orbit drift width limits and its application in a study of plasma shaping effect, Plasma Science and Technology 13, 15 (2011).
[47] Y. Tan, Z. Gao and L. Wang, Simulation of ECR startup and comparison with experimental observations in SUNIST, Plasma Science and Technology 13, 30 (2011).
[48] Z. Gao, Plasma shaping effects on the geodesic acoustic mode in the large orbit drift width limit, Phys. Plasmas 17, 092503 (2010).
[49] Z. X. He, J. Q. Dong, Y. X. Long, Z. Z. Mou, Z. Gao, H. D. He, F. Liu, and Y. Shen, Double tearing mode induced by parallel electron viscosity in tokamak plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 17, 112102 (2010).
[50] Z. X. He, J. Q. Dong, H. D. He, Y. X. Long, Z. Z. Mou and Z. Gao, Synergy of plasma resistivity and electron viscosity in mediating double tearing modes in cylindrical plasmas, Physica Script 82, 065507 (2010).
[51] Y. S. Huang, N. Y. Wang, Y. J. Shi, X. Z. Tang, Y. J. Bi, and Z. Gao, Energetic laser-ion acceleration by strong charge-separation field, Plasma Science and Technology 12, 268 (2010).
[52] L. Zhang, L. Zeng, Y. Tan, L. F. Xie, Z. Gao, W. H. Wang, Measurement of outgassing rate of magnetic probe in the SUNIST spherical tokamak, Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Physics 30, 277 (2010) in chinese.
[53] Y. Tan, Z. Gao and Y. X. He, Analysis and design of the Alfven wave antenna system for the SUNIST spherical tokamak, Fusion Eng. Design 84, 2064 (2009).
[54] Y. S. Huang, Y. J. Shi, Y. J. Bi, X. J. Duan, N. Y. Wang, X. Z. Tang and Z. Gao, Analytical expressions of the front shape of non-quasi-neutral plasma expansions with anisotropic electron pressures, Phys. Rev. E. 80, 056403 (2009).
[55] Y. Tan, Y. X. He, L. F. Xie, Z. Gao and W. H. Wang, ECW assited ohmic start-up experiments on the SUNIST spherical tokamak, Nuclear Fusion and Plasma Physics 29, 121 (2009) in chinese.
[56] X. Q. Xu, E. Belli, K. Bodi, J. Candy, C.S. Chang, R.H. Cohen, P. Colella, A.M. Dimits, M.R. Dorr, Z. Gao, J.A. Hittinger, S. Ko, S. Krasheninnikov, G.R. McKee, W.M. Nevins, T.D. Rognlien, P.B. Snyder, J. Suh and M.V. Umansky, Dynamics of kinetic geodesic-acoustic modes and the radial electric field in tokamak neoclassical plasmas, Nuclear Fusion 49, 065023 (2009).
[57] Z. Gao, L. L. Peng, P. Wang, J. Q. Dong and H. Sanuki, Plasma Elongation Effects on Temperature Gradient Driven Instabilities and Geodesic Acoustic Modes, Nuclear Fusion 49, 045014 (2009).
[58] L. Zeng, Z. Gao and Y. X. He, Control of the Vertical Instability in the SUNIST Spherical Tokamak, Plasma Sci. Tech. 11, 265(2009).
[59] Y. S. Huang, Y. J. Bi, Y. J. Shi, N. Y. Wang, X. Z. Tang and Z. Gao, Time-dependent energetic proton acceleration and scaling laws in ultraintense laser-pulse interactions with thin foils, Phys. Rev. E. 79, 036406 (2009).
[60] S. F. Liu, W. Kong, B. L. Hu, F. Liu, J. Q. Dong and Z. Gao, Ion temperature gradient driven instability in high beta plasmas of a sheared slab, Phys. Plasmas 16, 012302 (2009).
[61] L. L. Peng and Z. Gao, Effect of elongation on critical gradient for toroidal electron gradient modes, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 4065 (2008).
[62] L. Zeng, Y. X. He, Z. Gao, et al, Design of magnetic Measurement system on SUNIST Spherical Tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology 10, 535 (2008).
[63] Z. Gao, P. Wang and H. Sanuki, Plasma shaping effects on the geodesic acoustic mode in toroidally axisymmetric plasmas, Phys. Plasmas 15, 074502 (2008).
[64] Z. Gao, K. Itoh, H. Sanuki, and J. Q. Dong, Eigenmode analysis of geodesic acoustic modes, Phys. Plasmas 15, 072511 (2008).
[65] X. Q. Xu, Z. Xiong, Z. Gao, W. M Nevins, and G. R. Mckee, TEMPEST simulations of collisionless damping of geodesic-acoustic mode in edge plasma pedestal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 215001 (2008).
[66] Y. Wang and Z. Gao, Effects of finite aspect ratio and noncircular plasma flux surface on electron temperature gradient driven modes, Plasma Science and Technology 10, 151 (2008).
[67] Z. Gao, N. J. Fisch, H. Qin and J. R. Myra, Nonlinear nonresonant forces by radio-frequency waves in plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 14, 084502 (2007).
[68] Z. Gao, N. J. Fisch and H. Qin, Nonlinear ponderomotive force by low frequency waves and nonresonant current drive, Physics of Plasmas 13, 112307 (2006).
[69] Z. Gao, K. Itoh, H. Sanuki, and J. Q. Dong, Multiple eigenmodes of geodesic acoustic mode in collisionless plasma, Physics of Plasmas 13, 100702 (2006).
[70] Z. Gao, H. Sanuki, K. Itoh, and J. Q. Dong, Critical gradients of short wavelength ion temperature gradient instabilities, Journal of Plasmas Physics 72, 1249 (2006).
[71] H. Sanuki, Z. Gao and J. Q. Dong, Nonlocal stability analysis of microinstabilities in inhomogeneous plasmas, Journal of the Korean Physical Society 49, S418 (2006).
[72] Y. Wang and Z. Gao, Short wavelength ion temperature gradient driven instability in noncircular flux surface plasmas with finite aspect ratio, Chinese Physics Letters 23, 2151 (2006).
[73] Z. Gao, H. Sanuki, K. Itoh, and J. Q. Dong, Short wavelength ion temperature gradient instability in toroidal plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 12, 022502 (2005).
[74] Z. Gao, H. Sanuki, K. Itoh, and J. Q. Dong, Short wavelength electron temperature gradient instability in toroidal plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 12, 022503 (2005).
[75] Y. He, Z. Gao, W. H. Wang, Q. Xiao, L. F. Xie, L. Zeng, G. P. Zhang, C. H. Feng, L. Wang, Y. Z. Yang, SUNIST Program and Improvement of Operation on SUNIST Spherical Tokamak, IEEJ transactions on Fundamentals and Materials 125-A, 925 (2005).
[76] Y. He, X. Y. Li, and Z. Gao, Coupling effect between the equilibrium and heating fields and modification of the power supply system on SUNIST spherical tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology 7, 2623(2005).
[77] F. Liu, J. Q. Dong, and Z. Gao, Electron temperature gradient driven instability in high beta plasmas of a sheared slab, Chinese Physics Letters 22, 1170 (2005).
[78] W. H. Wang, Y. He, Z. Gao, L. Zeng, G. P. Zhang, L. F. Xie, , Y. Z. Yang, C. H. Feng, L. Wang, Q. Xiao, and X. Y. Li, Edge plasma electrostatic fluctuation and anomalous transport characteristics in the Sino-united Spherical Tokamak (SUNIST), Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 47, 1 (2005).
[79] W. H. Wang, Y. X. He, Z Gao, L. Zeng, G. P. Zhang, L. F. Xie, Q. Xiao, Y. Z. Yang, C. H. Feng, L. Wang, Experimental Observation of the Toroidal Flow Shear in the Edge of the SUNIST, IEEJ transactions on Fundamentals and Materials 125-A, 929 (2005).
[80] Z. T. Wang, G. P. Mao, Q. W. Yang, J. H. Zhang, Z. Gao and Y. He, Identification of Plasma Boundary and Position for HL-2A Tokamak, Plasma Science and Technology 7, 2905 (2005).
[81] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, H. Sanuki and K. Itoh, Effects of flow shear on the temperature gradient driven short wavelength modes, Physics of Plasmas 11, 3053 (2004).
[82] Z. Gao, A new kinetic mode driven by electron temperature gradient, Chinese Physics Letters 21, 881 (2004).
[83] W. H. Wang, Y. X. He, Z. Gao, L. Zeng, G. P. Zhang, L. F. Xie and C. H. Feng, Observation of intermittency in edge plasma of SUNIST plasma, Chinese Physics 13, 2091 (2004).
[84] W. H. Wang, Y. He, Z. Gao L. Zeng, G. P. Zhang, L. F. Xie and C. H. Feng, Edge plasma electrostatic fluctuation characteristics in the Sino-united Spherical Tokamak, Chinese Physics Letter 21, 1578 (2004).
[85] G. P Zhang, Y. X. He, W. H. Wang, Z. Gao, L. Zeng, L. F. Xie and C. H. Feng Observation of radial propagation of electrostatic fluctuation in edge plasma of the Sino United Spherical Tokamak, Chinese Physics Letter 21, 2469(2004).
[86] Z. Gao, H. Sanuki, K. Itoh, and J. Q. Dong, Temperature gradient driven short wavelength modes in sheared slab plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 10, 2831 (2003).
[87] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, G. J. Liu, and C. T. Ying. Effects of flow shear on the ion temperature gradient modes in a high β plasma slab, Physics of Plasmas 10, 774 (2003).
[88] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, G. J. Liu, and C. T. Ying. Electromagnetic ion temperature gradient modes of tearing mode parity in high β sheared slab plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 9, 1692 (2002).
[89] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, G. J. Liu, and C. T. Ying. Analysis of ion temperature gradient modes in high β plasmas with sheared slab configuration model, Physics of Plasmas 9,569 (2002).
[90] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, G. J. Liu, and C. T. Ying. Study of electromagnetic instabilities driven by ion temperature gradient and parallel sheared flows in high β plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 8, 4080 (2001).
[91] Z. Gao, J. Q. Dong, G. J. Liu, and C. T. Ying. Effects of β and Te/Ti on the ion temperature gradient modes in anisothermal plasmas, Physics of Plasmas 8, 2816 (2001).